The piston, piston rings, oil rings, and connecting rods are parts that should be installed and connected to each other before it will be inserted into the block.
In installing or assembling these parts be sure to wet it with oil. The purpose is on the first crank of the engine the engine oil is not yet distributed to the engine parts. At least before the oil reaches all the moving parts there is a lubrication provided so it will not immediately get hot.
Here are the parts:
The piston rings and oil rings
The piston pins
The connecting rod
Tools to use in assembling the parts
There is only two that you needed. It is the snap ring plies that you use in placing the rings and the piston ring installer pliers.
Watch the video on how all the parts are placed.
It is such important to be careful enough in placing all the parts. Remember the piston has marks and that is according to arrangements when inserted in the cylinders. Observe the dots on the images below.
Piston 1 with no mark
Piston 2 with one dot
Piston 3 with two dots
Piston 4 with 3 dots
Not only the piston has marks, the connecting rod also has. If you are keen in observing the marks such as dots you will never be mistaken to pair the right piston with the right connecting rod. And of course you will not also be mistaken in the insertion of right pistons on the right cylinders of the block.
Cylinder 1 must be the nearest in the front of the engine. It is the nearest to the camshaft timing gear and cylinder 4 must be the nearest to the transmission.
With that hints to bear in mind you won’t waste time disassembling the engine when you come to your senses that you have not been conscious enough to observe marks provided by the manufacturers as guide in assembling after doing an overhaul.
If you have followed the guide you will save time and possibly save resources to be incurred through errors.
You can find additional helpful information on this website page.
Thank you again and I hope I have helped you in some way. If you have any question, comments, and observations please feel free to leave it in the comment box and I’ll be willing to get back and answer you as soon as I read your message.